How to access 'req' object in loopback from “access” hook? - loopbackjs

It seems operation hook "access" does not contains ctx.req object.
What i am trying to achieve is that session data should be available in all the models.
Session defined in middleware:
"session": {
"express-session": {
"params": {
"secret": "mysceret",
"saveUninitialized": true,
"resave": true
In User.js :
req.session.user = userData;
and to access session in Post model :
Post.observe('access', function(ctx, next) {
console.log('ctx.req : ' , ctx.req) // undefined
ctx.query.filter = { tenantId: ctx.req.session.user.tenantId};
// so cannot able to find session data here.
Express-session : "express-session": "^1.15.6".
Loopback version : "loopback": "^3.0.0"
What I am missing or I am access session in a wrong way ?
Please some help.

I'm going to heavily borrow from my answer at accessing current logged in user id in custom route in loopback
The operation hook context accepts what values you submit to it, as
well as a few defaults related to the model, it would never have the
userId by default.
The ctx in an operation hook is not the same as the ctx in a remote method.
If you want to pass in additional operation hook context values then you must use call a model method manually and send them as the second parameter.
model.create({color: 'red'}, {contextValue: 'contextValue', anotherContextValue: 'anotherContextValue'}, (err, obj) => {
// Callback things...


how to get success infomation from server when use model 'save method int Extjs

I have knew the success callback in the store' sync process.
but In my application,I use the model to post the content to server use the save method.
and i don't knew how to get the success callback that is same as the sync of the store.
thank you .{
callback : function() {
Ext.Msg.alert('result', 'report update success');
I use the callback,but I have check that whatever the sever return true or false,the callback will be called.That is'nt What I want to !
The callback takes some arguments. The doc says that it is passed a success argument in third position, but that's not implemented in all (if any) versions of Ext4.
So you're better off using the operation.wasSuccessful() method:{
callback : function(record, operation) {
if (operation.wasSuccessful()) {
// success
} else {
// failure

Using passport.js and plain SQL query to authenticate

I'm working on a project and I have the following issue.
I want to implement logic for user login with Passport API but I'm having difficulties of understanding how it works, especially the way I want to implement it (with plain SQL queries). I have gone thru several tutorials which explain how this can be done ,but the problem is that in them it is shown only with ORMs, and I do not want it that way. I've wrote a few thousand lines of code so far ,but without success which were deleted after this of course and this is the reason I haven't provided any code below.
I'm using MySQL and Express as frameworks to build the website. If you have any brief or advanced idea of how things can happen I will be happy to hear from you.
Thanks in advance !
Passport can be quite confusing at times, I'll give that to you! I'm assuming based on your question that you want to use the "local" login strategy and not offer something like Google or GitHub Single Sign On. I'll also assume you want to use "Sessions" (cookies) rather than something like JWT.
To do this you'll need to first configure passport with your express app up front. This requires you to initialise passport and a session store (you can use MySQL if you like, or something like Redis).
Then you need to configure your "strategy" which in our cases is the local strategy.
I'll run you through an example with some code that shows how this can be done. I'll shove this all into one code snippet but you may wish to break this out into several files.
Snippet you can clone:
Mirrored here for answer longevity:
const express = require('express');
const session = require('express-session');
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
const passport = require('passport');
const LocalStrategy = require('passport-local').Strategy;
// Create the express app
const app = express();
// Initialise express-session module effectively deals with serilaising some
// form of ID in a cookie which is secured with the given secret. In this case
// express then remembers this ID in memory. When this cookie is handed
// back to your server, express-session takes that ID and matches it up to
// the data it has stored against that ID in memory. Remember, in production
// you will most probably want to hook this up to some sort of data store,
// either Redis, MySQL, etc...
app.use(session({ secret: "cats" }));
// We need some body parser setup to use Passport with express
// you can checkout the body parser and passport docs to find out why
app.use(bodyParser.urlencoded({ extended: false }));
// Now we initialise passport
// Now setup the session strategy, this happens after the express-session
// initialisation as that must run on a request first. Once we have the data
// from express-session (remember, it converted from a session ID given to
// the user via a cookie, back into the data we stored against the ID) we can
// then pull our any additional information.
passport.serializeUser(function(user, done) {
// This happens at the end of a request, it recieves the
// req.user object, and you can then choose what to serialise
// into the session (returning the user a new cookie with a
// session ID).
// In most cases you'll want to store as little data as possible
// so just a might be fine.
passport.deserializeUser(function(id, done) {
// Assume we stored the user ID in the session in the above
// function call, we can now access it.
// You can now take "id" and pass it into your database and
// get back whatever you want in regards to the user. This may
// just be a small representation of the user, or the entire
// record.
// You can use either SQL or an ORM here. The important bit is
// that you call the "done" callback with whatever object you
// want to represent the user.
User.findById(id, function(err, user) {
// In your main request handlers, you will then call `req.user`
// and get back whatever you passed into the callback.
done(err, user);
// Now we setup the main "login" route, this will do the first round
// of authentication. It will take a username and password, will check
// those credentails and will then decide whether or not to log the user in.
passport.use(new LocalStrategy(function(username, password, done) {
// Run your SQL here to find the user by their username
// Then check their password is correct
// If something fails then call the "done" callback with a descriptive error
// otherwise call "done" with no error, and pass it the "user" object. This will
// be assigned to req.user which will then later be put through our serialize
// function above.
// In this case I'm using an ORM, but you can use something to execute raw SQL
// if you like.
User.findOne({ username: username }, function(err, user) {
if (err) { return done(err); }
if (!user) {
return done(null, false, { message: 'Incorrect username.' });
// This is a made up function here, you'll need to create this and fill it out
// if you're using SQL you will probably have a function called "validPassword"
// (not assigned to a user object) where you will then pass in the hashed password
// from your database, and the password they provided you (the password string in this
// case).
if (!user.validPassword(password)) {
return done(null, false, { message: 'Incorrect password.' });
// We have a user and the passwords match so we can return the user object!
return done(null, user);
// Now we need to mount our configured strategy to an endpoint'/login', function(req, res, next) {
passport.authenticate('local', {
successRedirect: '/dashboard', // The user logged in fine, redirect them do the dashboard
failureRedirect: '/login', // The login failed, send them back to the login page
// It is possible to use "connect-flash" here to send back the reason but that's outside of the scope of this
// Now we'll create some middleware to ensure a user is logged in when trying to access
// a protected endpoint
function protected(req, res, next) {
// req.user will only exist if they've been authenticated
if (!req.user) {
return next(new Error('nice try, but you are not logged in!');
return next();
app.get('/private-things', protected, function(req, res, next) {
// This code will only be accessible if someone goes to /private-things and
// has a valid session!
console.log(the user is logged in!);
A warning, I have not run this code. All the code is there though you might spot a few syntax errors and will need to write the SQL to match up to your database.

Detect if firebase records are deleted by admin or stop delete events [duplicate]

In the example below, is there a way to get the uid of the user who wrote to /messages/{pushId}/original?
exports.makeUppercase = functions.database.ref('/messages/{pushId}/original')
.onWrite(event => {
// Grab the current value of what was written to the Realtime Database.
const original =;
console.log('Uppercasing', event.params.pushId, original);
const uppercase = original.toUpperCase();
// You must return a Promise when performing asynchronous tasks inside a Functions such as
// writing to the Firebase Realtime Database.
// Setting an "uppercase" sibling in the Realtime Database returns a Promise.
Ever since Firebase functions reached version 1.0, this behavior is no longer undocumented but has sligtly changed. Be sure to read the docs.
Context has been added to cloud functions and you can use it like this
exports.dbWrite = functions.database.ref('/path/with/{id}').onWrite((data, context) => {
const authVar = context.auth; // Auth information for the user.
const authType = context.authType; // Permissions level for the user.
const pathId =; // The ID in the Path.
const eventId = context.eventId; // A unique event ID.
const timestamp = context.timestamp; // The timestamp at which the event happened.
const eventType = context.eventType; // The type of the event that triggered this function.
const resource = context.resource; // The resource which triggered the event.
// ...
Yes, this is technically possible, although it is not currently documented. The uid is stored with the event.auth object. When a Database Cloud Function is triggered from an admin situation (for example, from the Firebase Console data viewer or from an Admin SDK), the value of event.auth is:
"admin": true
When a Database Cloud Function is triggered from an unauthenticated reference, the value of is:
"admin": false
And finally, when a Database Cloud Function is triggered from an authed, but not admin, reference, the format of event.auth is:
"admin": false,
"variable": {
"provider": "<PROVIDER>",
"provider_id": "<PROVIDER>",
"user_id": "<UID>",
"token": {
// Decoded auth token claims such as sub, aud, iat, exp, etc.
"uid": "<UID>"
Given the information above, your best bet to get the uid of the user who triggered the event is to do the following:
exports.someFunction = functions.database.ref('/some/path')
.onWrite(event => {
var isAdmin = event.auth.admin;
var uid = event.auth.variable ? event.auth.variable.uid : null;
// ...
Just note that in the code above, uid would be null even if isAdmin is true. Your exact code depends on your use case.
WARNING: This is currently undocumented behavior, so I'll give my usual caveat of "undocumented features may be changed at any point in the future without notice and even in non-major releases."

Sails JS: How to store and access current user data?

I already checked a lot of references and found good sources like this one: Get current user from inside the model in Sails. So I'm asking for best practices and your experiences.
As I've developed a quite complex platform based on JWT-Authentication I have to fix the major mistake to store the current user data (while user requests something) on my sails instance. I know that this leads to major security leaks (for more than one user).
The question is: How can I store and access current user data without passing the session object through almost all methods I've created?
Is passing the session object around through all helpers, utilities etc. the only way to solve this? Instead of using a centralized Service like: UserService.getCurrentUser();
Any help is highly appreciated. Thanks!
If you're asking if there's a way to globalize the user data so that it's magically available to all your methods, the short answer is that there's no safe way to do this in Node (let alone in Sails.js). Node's single-threaded nature makes it impossible to maintain state in that way.
Some folks have solved this in Sails by using a globally-applied policy that looks up the user and adds it to the request:
// api/policies/fetch-user.js
module.exports = function fetchUserPolicy (req, res, next) {
// Get the user ID out of the session.
var userId = req.session.userId;
// If there's no user logged in, just continue.
if (!userId) { return next(); }
// Look up the user by ID.
User.findOne({id: userId}).exec(function(err, user) {
if (err) { return res.serverError(err); }
if (!user) { return res.serverError(new Error('Could not find user in session!')); }
// Add the user info to the request.
req.user = user;
// Continue the request.
return next();
There's nothing wrong with this code, but we don't recommend it because best practice is to use policies purely for access control. Instead, you can do pretty much the same exact thing in a custom hook:
// api/hooks/fetch-user.js
module.exports = function fetchUserHook(sails) {
return {
// Add some routes to the app.
routes: {
// Add these routes _before_ anything defined in `config/routes.js`.
before: {
// Add a route that will match everything (using skipAssets to...skip assets!)
'/*': {
fn: function(req, res, next) {
// Get the user ID out of the session.
var userId = req.session.userId;
// If there's no user logged in, just continue.
if (!userId) { return next(); }
// Look up the user by ID.
User.findOne({id: userId}).exec(function(err, user) {
if (err) { return res.serverError(err); }
if (!user) { return res.serverError(new Error('Could not find user in session!')); }
// Add the user info to the request.
req.user = user;
// Continue the request.
return next();
skipAssets: true
Either way, you'll still need to pass req around to any methods that want to use the user info that was fetched.

Access loopback context/request from the model overridables

How is it possible to access the loopback context (or simple Express req object) from within the model's logic?
It is critical to be able to know more about the request itself (current user identity more than anything else) inside the model's logic. When I override a built-in method (via custom script or from the model.js file) or develop a custom remote method, I would like to access the Express req object.
As loopback.getCurrentContext() is declared to be buggy, I cannot use it.
I find this page confusing:
First it's said (and marked in red as important!) it is not recommended to use LoopBackContext.getCurrentContext() and then it's used it in each example!?
What's the point to give examples that do not work? Should we simply ignore the complete page? If so, what about the context? :)
Any clarification on this topic is much appreciated.
You can get access to express req object by using remote hooks
var loopback = require('loopback');
module.exports = function (MyModel) {
MyModel.beforeRemote('findOne', function (ctx, model, next) {
//access to ctx.req
MyModel.beforeRemote('my-custom-remote-method', function (ctx, model, next) {
Sure, you can use a beforeRemote hook to modify the ctx.args property. This property is the input of the remote method (that is, custom or built-in). This way, you can copy a part of the request inside this property, and it will be passed to the build-in method
Example 1 with the built-in method findOne.
MyModel.beforeRemote('findOne', function (ctx, model, next) {
ctx.args.filter.extrafield = ctx.req.headers['some-header'];
Then override the findOne method since it's what you want to do
MyModel.on('dataSourceAttached', function(obj){
var findOne = MyModel.findOne;
MyModel.findOne = function(filter, cb) {
console.log(filter.extrafield); // Print what was in the header
return findOne.apply(this, arguments);
And finally call the method with curl
curl -H "some-header: 'hello, world!'" localhost:3000/api/MyModel/findOne
Example 2 with a custom remote printToken, to help you understand further
MyModel.beforeRemote('printToken', function (ctx, model, next) {
ctx.args.token = ctx.req.headers['some-header'];
MyModel.printToken = function(token, cb) {
accepts: {arg: 'token', type: 'string', optional: true}
Then call the remote with curl, and pass the expected header
curl -H "some-header: 'hello, world!'" localhost:3000/api/MyModel/printToken
EDIT: There is a simpler solution that only works for custom remote
When defining your remote method, it is possible to tell loopback to pass elements of the http request to your remote directly as an input argument
accepts: [
{arg: 'req', type: 'object', 'http': {source: 'req'}},
{arg: 'res', type: 'object', 'http': {source: 'res'}}
This way, your remote can access the req and res objects. This is documented here